Colic is mainly known as a crying attack and, in most cases, abdominal pain in young infants. It’s a common condition that’s known to affect at least 20 percent of babies in their first few months of life.
Babies are known to cry for a variety of reasons, which can include hunger, tiredness, cold or a diaper change. If a baby, however, keeps crying after being well cared for, they might be experiencing colic symptoms.
Most babies with colic experience multiple episodes of the condition before they get treatment; these episodes generally consist of inconsolable crying that generally stems from discomfort and other symptoms associated with colic.
Colic generally appears in babies weeks after their birth. It can continue to affect a child until they’re at least 3 to 4 months old. While it can sound like that the child is in ‘extreme pain,’ colic isn’t harmful or dangerous to a small child. Many medical professionals, in fact, have confirmed that colic has no discernible long term effects; babies with colic will gain weight and feed normally once the condition subsides.
In most cases, colic lasts for a few weeks, though some children experience colic for several months at a time. If a colicky baby is still experiencing symptoms related to colic months after their diagnosis, parents are advised to seek medical advice from their doctor for treatment options.
Is there a reason behind the cause of colic in babies? Many medical experts suggest that there are several reasons behind the true cause of colic in babies. Colic, however, doesn’t have a known cause.
Colic may be related to the irritations and sensitivities of a baby’s gut, mainly those that occur when they consume breast or formula milk. Milk-related allergies and lactose intolerance have symptoms that are similar to colic symptoms, suggesting a relation there. They aren’t, however, supported by medical evidence.
Colic doesn’t occur more frequently in first, second or third born children, nor between breast-fed and formula-fed babies. Babies that had their mother smoke during pregnancy, however, were found to be twice as susceptible to colic.
Less than five percent of babies who excessively cry are usually found to have a medical condition, which can include gastroesophageal reflux disease, cows’ milk allergies, constipation, lactose intolerance or an infantile migraine.
Although many experts did figure that colic was related to intestinal problems, recent evidence suggests that it wasn’t the case. Social or physchological factors also don’t play as much as a role as suggested. Complications from birth might have a big affect on the infant, as there are correlations between infant crying and childbirth complications. Stressful births were related to more crying in some studies about the subject.
Infants with colic are known to affect stability within the family. The condition might cause the mother to experience short-term anxiety or depression, in addition to bouts of exhaustion and/or stress.
The persistent crying in colicky infants has also been linked to marital discord, postpartum depression, frequent doctor visits, early termination of breastfeeding and maternal smoking.
Most babies do experience acid reflux, which is known as spitting up. Many studies have indicated that acid reflux does not normally cause infant crying in most cases. Infant crying during feeding is coupled with movements are rarely associated with acid reflux in babies.
It’s usually linked to acid reflux if the colic baby has irregular weight gain, vomits several times a day or experiences other significant issues with its feeding.
Despite the possible causes for colic in infants, colic is completely treatable. In most cases, colic goes away after several weeks or several months. Many parents use home remedies for colic, which can include natural supplements, comforting their child or doctor-approved medications.